Bone Mineral Density Scan

Over 6.6 million Australians have low bone density, and early detection can help you prevent osteoporosis, slow bone loss and reduce your risk of fractures.

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*Please refer to our attached referral form for Bulk Billed Medicare Criteria. If you meet certain criteria, your bone density test might be covered by Medicare. Alternatively, your private health fund might provide reimbursement depending on your individual level of coverage. If no coverage is available, you may pay for your scan out of pocket.

What is a DEXA Bone Mineral Density Scan?

Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) is the gold standard in Bone Mineral Density measurement. The scan takes only 10 to 15 minutes to perform and it is the most reliable method to measure the density of your bones.

A DEXA Bone Mineral Density (BMD) scan is the most widely accepted test for osteoporosis and osteopenia (bone thinning). A DEXA scan determines how rich your bones are in minerals such as calcium and phosphorus. The higher the mineral content, the denser and stronger your bones are, and less likely they are to break under normal daily circumstances.

Bone Mineral Density Scan
Bone Mineral Density Scan

Who should have a DEXA BMD scan?

People with a family history of Osteoporosis, with malabsorption disorders such as Coeliac Disease, chronic conditions like Rheumatoid Arthritis, or with low levels of Vitamin D and Calcium, might be at increased risk for low bone mineral density. Also men and women over 50 with risk factors may need to test their bone health. If your bone density is low, you are more likely to fracture a bone in the future.

How do I get a DEXA BMD scan?

Your general practitioner (or other medical practitioner) will review your risk factors for osteoporosis such as your family history, medical history (i.e., meds, hormone levels, or other conditions that might lower bone strength), and lifestyle factors (i.e., smoking, physical inactivity). If you’re at risk, then your GP will give you a referral you for a DEXA BMD scan.

All you need to do is get in touch with us to book in an appointment with our Licensed DEXA Operators.

What’s involved in getting a DEXA BMD Scan?

You will be instructed to lie flat on the padded table of the DEXA scanner, the technician will position your body for scans on your hip (femoral neck) and lower back (lumbar region), and the DEXA arm will pass over your body.

If there are any medical reasons for which a reliable scan cannot be taken at the hip and/or lower back, then a wrist scan will be performed.

It is a relatively quick procedure and should be complete within 10 to 15 minutes. Your results will be read by a medical practitioner and a report sent straight to your doctor.

Is my Bone Mineral Density Scans eligible for Medicare Rebate?

If you meet certain criteria, your bone density test might be covered by Medicare (consult with your GP). Alternatively, your private health fund might provide reimbursement depending on your individual level of coverage. If no coverage is available, you may pay for your scan out of pocket.

Medicare Item Codes

12306

  • Rebate every 24 months
  • Proven Osteoporosis (at least 12 months prior)
  • Wedging/Fracture (minimal trauma)

12312

  • Rebate every 12 months
  • Prolonged glucocorticoid therapy
  • Conditions associated with excess glucocorticoid secretion
  • Male hypogonadism
  • Female hypogonadism lasting 6 months before the age of 45

12315

  • Rebate every 24 months
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism
  • Chronic liver disease
  • Chronic renal disease
  • Proven malabsorptive disorders
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Conditions associated with thyroxine excess

12321

  • Rebate every 12 months
  • Significant change in treatment
  • Under 70 years screening (fees apply)

12320

  • Initial screening scan for all patients aged ≥70
  • Follow-up scan for patients aged ≥70 with T-score > -1.5
  • Rebate every 5 years

12322

  • Rebate every 24 months
  • Aged ≥70 with a t-score less than -1.5 or above -2.5**

*Please note that Body and Bone can only perform Bone Mineral Density Scans for patients who have been referred by a doctor.

**To claim a medicare rebate the above criteria must be met and shown on a doctor's referral

Your Investment

dexa scans

DEXA Bone Mineral Density (BMD) Test

$90.00 Per Scan

  • Must be referred by your GP or specialist
  • BMD scan of 2 sites from either hip, forearm or spine
  • 100% Bulk Billed (for eligible patients)